Muscat is the historic capital and largest city. The city referred to as "Muscat" is in fact three smaller towns which have grown together over time.
Oman has a subtropical desert climate, similar to that of cities such as Dubai and La Paz (Mexico) why these cities as a comparison? Summers are hot and humid. Springs and autumns are still warm-to-hot, with night time temperatures in the 21°C and daytime temperatures anywhere from 29-35°C. Winters are pleasant, with nights around 16°C, low humidity, and days around 24°C. The Monsoon season, called Khareef, affects the Dhofar region in the South with rain and cool temperatures.
Oman is famous for its historic forts and castles which are the country's most striking cultural landmarks. There are over 500 forts and castles which served as observation and defense points. Some of the best examples are conveniently located in the capital, Muscat. Jalali and Mirani forts stand at the entrance to Muscat Bay and date from the early 16th century.
Oman is known for its landscape diversity, combining desert expanses, high mountain ranges, lush valleys, white side beaches, lengthy coast line, turquoise waters, and year-round warm ocean temperatures.
The currency in Oman is the Omani rial (OMR). One rial is made of 1000 baisa and is officially tied at 2.58 US dollar per 1 Omani rial.
The Bahla Fort at the base of the Jebel Akhdar highlands is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has 7 miles of walls. It was built in the 13th and 14th centuries when Bahla was a thriving oasis town.
Arabic is the national language, but most Omanis speak good English, particularly in major tourist areas and cities. In the southern Dhofar region, an indigenous Semitic language called Jibbali is spoken, while the related Mehri language and other rarer languages are also found elsewhere in the country.
Oman's rugged mountains offer some stunning scenery and probably some of the world’s best opportunities for driving in dry wadis (valleys). Many of those wadis have made roads (often unsurfaced but decent enough) while others require serious off-roading. One can easily get well off the beaten path into remote areas.