The Smallest Countries in the World
What is the smallest country in the world by area and population? With over 200 countries on Earth, it’s easy to believe that the word ‘country’ means a massive land area with a huge population. Well, this is not necessarily true, as some of the smallest nations boast similar population numbers as the bigger ones. Here we have compiled a list of top 7 world’s tiniest countries to answer the question “what is the smallest” one and discover exciting facts about them - check it out below.
The world’s tiniest state is Vatican, also known as the ‘Holy See’, is the spiritual centre for the Roman Catholics. Vatican is the smallest country by area, occupying only 0.2 square miles, and by population, with less than a thousand inhabitants. However, if we took into account all the people that daily visit it, this amount will increase by millions.
The uniqueness is also in the fact that Vatican is located in the centre of Rome, the capital of Italy. It is noteworthy that another world’s smallest country San Marino is also located "inside" Italy.
The tiny state of Monaco covers only 0.7 square miles along the French Riviera on the French Mediterranean coast near Nice. It is home to the largest number of millionaires and billionaires per capita in the world and is the host of the most popular event in the world, known as Formula 1. Monaco is small but mighty in many ways. Its population is about 37 thousand.
Covering an area of 8.5 square miles, Nauru is the world’s smallest island country. As an island nation located in the Central Pacific, you are bound to be surrounded by beaches, cliffs, and ocean. Interesting fact - Nauru is the only country without an official capital.
4. San Marino
Completely surrounded by Italy, San Marino also known as the ‘Most Serene Republic’, stretching only 24 square miles. It is the 3rd smallest country in Europe and 5th in the world, with population about 36 thousand inhabitants.
Commonly described as 'the country you can drive across in an hour’, Luxembourg is definitely on our list. Perhaps it is small in size, but it is packed with history and culture. Luxembourg Vianden and Bourscheid castles are among some of Europe’s best preserved medieval fortifications.
Brunei is officially nicknamed the Abode of Peace but is locally known as the ‘Shelfare State’ due to the dominant role of shell oil. This miniscule country is one of the world’s smallest and wealthiest nations ever.
It may be dwarfed by its neighbouring countries, but since becoming the first true Chinese democracy in the 1990’s, Taiwan has developed into a vibrant society. This nation may be small, but it makes up for it through its abundance of architecture, culture, and history.
Interesting fact: not recognized smallest country
There is a country not recognized by any sovereign state, which is smaller in area and population than Vatican. The Principality of Sealand, located on a sea platform in the North Sea, 7.5 miles off the coast of the UK, has an area of only 0.0015 square miles. As for the population, in 2002 the authorities of Sealand stated that the population of the state is 27 people.
Top 10 world's smallest countries by area (sq mi)
1. Vatican (0.17)
2. Monaco (0.78)
3. Nauru (8.1)
4. Tuvalu (10)
5. San Marino (24)
6. Liechtenstein (62)
7. Marshall Islands (70)
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis (101)
9. Maldives (120)
10. Malta (122)
Top 10 world's smallest countries by population
1. Vatican (792)
2. Tuvalu 11,192)
3. Palau (21,729)
4. San Marino (33,400)
5. Liechtenstein (37,922)
6. Monaco (38,695)
7. Marshall Islands (53,127)
8. Northern Mariana Islands (55,144)
9. St. Kitts and Nevis (55,345)
10. American Samoa (55,641)